Minerals are inorganic substances and unlike vitamins, always retain their chemical identity in the body until excreted. Minerals can’t be destroyed by heat, air, acid, or mixing. Minerals can only be lost from food when they leach into cooking water, that is then poured down the drain. Like the water-soluble vitamins, potassium are easily absorbed into the blood, transported freely and readily excreted by the kidneys. Calcium are more like fat-soluble vitamins, in that they must have carriers to be absorbed and transported and can be toxic in excess.
Cofactors in fat metabolism include enzymes, vitamins and minerals.
Every chemical reaction in metabolism require enzymes. Enzymes are proteins made according to our DNA, via blueprints of RNA. Enzymes are made in response to our body’s needs. Chemical reactions cannot occur without them. Enzymes are catalysts- they facilitate or dissolve associations between molecules. Specific enzymes facilitate specific interactions between specific molecules in a specific way, resulting in reliable molecular results that allow life to carry on.
Enzymes are allied with an essential mineral, which we get from foods e.g. over 80 enzymes ally themselves with zinc; for energy production, enzymes need magnesium. Several require copper; others need iron. Of the 20 minerals needed for our bodies to function, at least 12 of these help enzymes to function.