Food and nutrition policy is, at the same time, environmental policy.
The nutritional status of populations depends to a great extent on environmental conditions. Environment (soil degradation, global warming, waste disposal and other factors) was depicted as an important causal factor for disease, leading to malnutrition. Lead toxicity and iron status is a classical example of the relation between micronutrient deficiencies and pollution. Food insecurity, especially in an age of urbanization in developing countries, places new strains on food availability (production) and accessibility (pricing). Modern agriculture and technological solutions to food and nutritional problems must be balanced against environmental costs.